Wild rabbits live on a grass-based diet, which is naturally abrasive and chewing on this grass wears down a rabbit’s constantly growing teeth. There are several things that can go wrong with your rabbit’s teeth. Firstly, dental disease can be congenital, this means that rabbits that are bred from parents who have dental problems, and are likely to inherit the problem themselves. Rabbits that are dropped and bang their mouth or those that pull on the wire of their hutch/enclosure are prone to traumatic dental disease.
Common signs of dental disease include reduced appetite (your rabbit goes off certain foods, sometimes hard foods, sometimes softer ones), excessive dribbling or a wet chin or matted fur at the front paws where they have been wiping their mouth. Weight loss may occur if the problem develops slowly and your rabbit may become depressed. Discharge from the eyes may be evident if the upper tooth roots grow and block the nasolacrimal ducts (which drain tears away from the eyes). If you suspect any problems with your rabbits teeth make an appointment to visit your vet and have them checked.